A cat with a glucose level above 500 can quickly become a serious problem. You must immediately take steps to lower your cat’s sugar levels so that it is normal again. If your cat has high levels of glucose, you will see a variety of symptoms that will help determine if it requires help.
Diabetic cats have glucose levels that exceed 400 mg/dL (22), and even 600 mg/dL (33.3 mmol/L). Diabetic cats may also have high levels of glucose in their urine. These two signs in combination are enough to diagnose diabetes in cats with diabetes.
What is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a condition of the pancreas. This small organ is located just near the stomach. Two types of cells make up the pancreas, each with very different functions. One type of cell produces enzymes that are necessary for digestion. The beta cells produce insulin. This hormone regulates glucose levels in the bloodstream. It also controls glucose delivery to the tissues. Diabetes mellitus, in simple terms, is caused when the pancreas fails to regulate blood sugar. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood sugar levels and inability to use glucose for energy.
Types of diabetes
Uncomplicated diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in cats. Ketoacidosis, which can be life-threatening, is the more severe form. If the cat has ketoacidosis, it is in serious condition and must be immediately treated. Intracavenous fluids and fast-acting insulin are administered. It takes between one and three days to stabilize the cat, convert diabetes to an uncomplicated form, and to keep it there.
The destruction of beta cells in your pancreas is what causes diabetes mellitus Type 1. The animal must be given an external (external) insulin source to treat the condition. Because the damage is irreversible, it cannot be reversed. Type 1 diabetes can affect both cats and dogs.
Diabetes mellitus Type 2, sometimes called “”adult-onset diabetes” or “non-insulin-dependent diabetes”, is characterized by high blood sugar due to the body being resistant to insulin and a relative lack of insulin. Type 2 diabetes can be found in cats but not dogs.
How can you tell if your cat has a glucose reading of more than 500?
Symptoms will begin to appear in cats as soon as their sugar levels drop or rise. This means that you should be alert whenever your cat is near you.
You can’t be too careful with a diabetic cat. These are the most common symptoms cats experience when their blood sugar levels exceed 500
Types and Symptoms
The underlying condition/disease may cause symptoms to vary. You may not notice any severe symptoms in your cat, particularly if the elevated sugar levels are temporary, hormonal or stress-induced. These are some of the most common symptoms.
- Increased thirst (polydipsia).
- Increased urine production (polyuria).
- Weight loss
- Excessive hunger
- Due to blood vessels that are inflamed, it can cause bloodshot eyes.
- Liver enlargement
- Nerve damage in legs
- Severe depression in cases of high blood sugar levels
- Non-healing wounds. Infections are increased when sugar is added to feed bacterial and fungal invaders
- Tissue damage due to the oxidizing [burning] effects of excess sugar in tissue
Obesity, obesity, increased age, physical inactivity, male gender and use of steroids (glucocorticoids) to treat feline asthma are the most significant risk factors for developing diabetes in cats. Burmese cats are thought to be at higher risk for developing diabetes in some countries than other breeds. However, this could not be true in the United States.
Obese cats can develop diabetes up to four times faster than those who are ideal weight. Therefore, it is important for cat owners to keep their cats healthy and encourage daily exercise.
Insulin is required by most cats to maintain long-term diabetes control. Insulin can be administered under the skin once or twice daily. To determine the appropriate insulin dose, blood glucose must first be measured. To determine the lowest glucose levels for the day, when they occur, and the optimal dosage frequency (once daily vs. twice daily), a glucose curve is created (blood glucose every two hours for a whole day). The insulin dosage, type, frequency, and frequency can then be adjusted accordingly. Multiple glucose curves are required for many cats, which can be difficult to control.
Diagnosis and treatment of diabetes in cats
Your veterinarian will first check the urine of your cat for glucose and ketones. The next step will be to test your cat’s blood glucose level. If glucose levels are persistent in the urine or in the blood, it’s possible to diagnose diabetes. However, a cat with diabetes should have a negative urine glucose.
Stress-induced hyperglycemia may cause blood glucose levels to range from 300 mg/dL up to 400 mg/dL. This can make it difficult for blood glucose results to be interpreted. To definitively diagnose diabetes, persistent hyperglycemia or glycosuria must be present. Because serum fructosamine levels are normal in stress-induced hyperglycemia, but elevated in prolonged hyperglycemia, it is useful to measure them.
Once a diagnosis of diabetes in cats has been made, and there are no complications, Caninsulin(r), (porcine insulin-zinc suspension), can be used.
Diabetes management aims to reduce the severity of the clinical signs, the risk for hypoglycaemia, and the development long-term complications. It also aims at ensuring that the pet and owner have a good quality of life.
To achieve these goals, pet owners must be able to explain all aspects of diabetes management to their pets. To ensure that owners are fully informed about the condition and how they can help, it is vital to spend time with them.
Diabetes management in cats requires a delicate balance between insulin injections, diet, and exercise. Diabetes in cats can be caused by obesity, which must be controlled carefully. For felines suffering from diabetes, oral hypoglycaemic drugs are only limited in their use.
Insulin is a key component in the management of diabetes mellitus. It is therefore important to know the insulin duration and how to assess therapy.