A cat should breathe normally when it is healthy. It should do so with calm and ease. A variety of medical conditions can lead to a cat’s breathing becoming more difficult, louder, or faster than normal. If my cat’s breathing sounds choppy, it is a sign of a medical condition.
You’ve probably felt it yourself, as a cat owner. It is hard to not be concerned if your cat sounds congested. You should also know what causes your cat to breathe loudly, and which symptoms you need to look out for in order for you to help them get the right treatment.
I. Why Do Cats Purr?
For a long time, animal behaviorists have been studying the purring sounds that felines make. Although we don’t have all the answers, we do have some useful insights.
We know cats purr because of one reason:
* To show appreciation and emotional attachment
* To communicate, especially between mom and kittens
* They will eat anything, even food.
* To accept authority or submit
* To relieve anxiety and de-stress
* To aid in self-healing following an injury or illness
II. My Cat Breathes Congested
Cats don’t usually make any noise when they breathe. Although a cat may make a few sneezes or purrs, it is not unusual for them to be louder or more congested.
Don’t panic if your cat has congested breath. Not all cases are linked to serious illness. This article might help you understand why your cat’s breathing sounds so congested.
III. What is Noisy Breathing?
While noisy breathing isn’t necessarily life-threatening, it could be a sign of underlying conditions. Total blockage of an airway can quickly lead to respiratory failure if it is caused by airway obstruction. Noisy breathing can be caused by blockage, narrowing or other problems anywhere in the respiratory system. This includes the nose, mouth and throat, throat, larynx or bronchi as well as the nose, mouth, throat, throat, larynx and bronchi. A veterinarian should immediately see a cat suffering from noisy breathing to rule out any potentially serious medical conditions.
Noisey breathing refers to any condition where breathing sounds abnormally loud. This includes breathing that is difficult to hear without the aid of veterinary equipment. Noisy breathing can sound like wheezing or snoring.
1. Noisy inhalation
Scientists call it stertor. A cat that inhales loudly during an inhalation is known as stertor. Sometimes it sounds like snoring, deep purring, and is often caused by an obstruction in the throat or nasal passages.
2. Noisy exhalation
This is called stridor when the noise occurs on the exhale. This is not the same as your cat snoring. It’s usually caused by obstructions to the windpipe or larynx.
There are two main types of loud breathing. The location of the disruption in breathing is what determines the type. This can often be identified from the sound that the cat makes while breathing. These are the types of loud breathing:
A blockage in the windpipe or larynx can cause noisy breathing and high-pitched sounds.
Noisy breathing that produces a low-pitched sound when you inhale. This is often caused by an issue with the nose or throat.
V. Why does my cat’s breathing sound congested?
We now know what noisey breathing is. Let’s look at the causes of these obstructions. Congested breathing can be linked to many medical conditions, as you’ll see. Take a look at each one and consider the other symptoms to get a better understanding of your cat’s condition.
1. Obstruction in the Trachea
There are many reasons why your cat may be breathing like she is choking.
First, your pet’s hairball is not easy to expel. These lumpy hairballs are natural and easy to expel by cats. However, it may take some time before they can get it all out. You must intervene if your cat seems to have an obstruction. To manually remove the hairball, you can perform either the feline Heimlich (for cats) or a mouth sweep (for dogs).
There is a good chance your cat has asthma if they wheeze or breathe loudly. Asthmatic cats may also exhibit other signs such as rapid breathing, hacking or coughing, and difficulty breathing.
An inflammatory response causes the airways to narrow and can lead to asthma. This causes the airways to narrow and makes breathing difficult and noisy. If cats have asthma, they can breathe through the mouth to try and get more air into their lungs.
Most veterinarians believe that irritants in the atmosphere can cause asthma, or at least trigger asthma attacks. There are many things that can cause asthma, such as pollen, dust mites and tobacco smoke. You can help your cat by reducing the allergens in their home.
3. Upper Respiratory Infections
Cats can suffer from congested breathing just like humans. Cat colds are often caused by viruses and bacteria. These pathogens can infect the nose, sinuses and throats of your cat. These infections can cause inflammation of the upper airways, which can lead to symptoms such as coughing, mucus production from the eyes and nose, congested nose and runny nose.
These are some of the most common symptoms, other than cats breathing too loud:
* Coughing and sneezing
* Remove the eyes and nose
* Ulcers around the nose and mouth
* Sinus congestion and a runny nose
* Brachycephalic Obstructive Away Syndrome
Most cats don’t make any noise when they breathe unless there is something wrong. Flat-faced cats are more likely to be noisy because of airway abnormalities. These abnormalities together are called brachycephalic obstruction of the airway syndrome (BOAS).
Many abnormalities are common in brachycephalic species such as Persians and Exotic Shorthairs. These conditions include:
* Stenotic nares are narrowed and pinched nostrils.
* A long, soft palate that extends into your throat
* Hypoplastic trachea without cartilage rings. This causes narrowed airways.
* Inverted laryngeal saccules, where laryngeal tissue extends to the windpipe
4. Brachycephalic airway syndrome
Brachycephalic obstruction of the airway syndrome (or BOAS) is a common condition among flat-faced cat breeds. It results from physical abnormalities in the airways. Partial obstructions are common in Persians and Himalayans. They also have smaller tracheae, which increases their chances of developing respiratory-related illnesses and breathing difficulties.
5. Fluid Build Up
Cats can sometimes sound congested due to fluid buildup around their lungs. This is called pulmonary edema when fluid builds up in the alveoli of your lungs. Fluid collection in the sac around the lungs is called a pleural effusion.
The fluid can prevent a cat’s lung from expanding properly in either case. This makes it hard for cats to breathe and also makes it harder for their bodies get enough oxygen. You should be aware of the following symptoms when fluid builds up in the lungs:
* Rapid and heavy breathing
* Breathing with an open jaw
* Dry cough and/or wheezing
* Extreme weakness and lethargy
* A loss of appetite
* Blue discoloration in mucus membranes
* Abdominal swelling
Hyperthyroidism refers to a condition in which the thyroid gland makes excessive thyroid hormones. It can cause increased appetite, increased resting heart beat, weight loss and aggression. The thyroid gland is located behind the neck and can become larger over time, obstructing the cat’s airways. Hyperthyroidism in cats can cause difficulty breathing and even loudness.
7. Tumors and Cancer
Tumors can form anywhere on a cat’s skin, including in the airways. As the tumors grow, they can cause obstruction to the airways and congested breathing. You can find tumors in your voice box, windpipe, lungs and sinuses.
Vi. Treatment of Noisy Breathing in Cats
Cats with loud breathing problems will be treated primarily by addressing the root cause.
1. Oxygen Therapy
The provision of oxygen can improve respiratory function and maintain healthy blood oxygen levels. An oxygen cage, mask, tube, or tube can provide oxygen. This therapy is relatively low-risk, but it is done inpatiently under supervision to look out for any potential problems.
2. Fluid Therapy
Injectable (IV) fluids can be used to treat noisy breathing in pets, especially if mucus or dehydration are factors. Fluids administered can thin mucus and improve cough performance. This is a low-risk therapy and is typically only offered on an inpatient basis.
This drug class is often used to treat allergic reactions and allergies. Even if allergies are not the cause, it can help with breathing. To reduce side effects, it is important to use the medication correctly.
This drug can also be used to treat breathing problems, such as asthma. Side effects are possible and steroids should not be prescribed for cats with poor immune function.
Noisy breathing can be caused by respiratory and other bodily infection. Antibiotics are used to treat the infection and boost the immune system’s ability to fight off illness. Side effects can be reduced by proper dosing.
If fluid is present, diuretics may be required to clear it and increase oxygenation. Diuretics may be required in the case of, e.g. heart failure.
7. Surgical Intervention
Surgery may be required if a tumor, injury or foreign object is obstructing the airway or causing noisy breathing. Side effects are possible with surgery. To reduce complications, your cat may be admitted to hospital if surgery is necessary.
Animals cannot talk so they rely on their body language and the sounds they make to communicate their needs. It is important to observe what is normal and what is unusual when you have a pet.
Although congested purrs are not common, they can indicate an infection or disorder of the cat’s respiratory system. Upper respiratory infections can occur in many ways in cats. Therefore, it is important to seek the advice of a vet. It is important to keep your cat well-cared for and warm.